Back to **WELCOME** PAGE >>>>>>>>>Science 7>>>>>>Science 8>>>>>>Biology 9

PSSA ANCHORS - S.8.D.1 Geologic Processes

S8.D.1 Earth Features and Processes that Change Earth and Its Resources ELIGIBLE CONTENT
S8.D.1.1 Describe constructive and destructive natural processes that form different geologic structures and resources.Reference: 3.5.7.A, 4.4.7.B
S8.D.1.1.1 Explain the rock cycle as changes in the solid earth and rock types (igneous – granite, basalt, obsidian, pumice; sedimentary – limestone, sandstone, shale, coal; and metamorphic – slate, quartzite, marble, gneiss).
S8.D.1.1.2 Describe natural processes that change Earth’s surface (e.g., landslides, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, mountain building, new land being formed, weathering, erosion, sedimentation, soil formation).

View Free Brain Pop Tim & Moby for this Unit;

Brainpops Free with our Textbook! . - access code: F51A563A3E

Bluebook Ch. 20, Sect. 1: Minerals
vocab: mineral, cleavage, fracture, hardness, streak, magma, Moh's Scale, crystalline

What is a mineral?
1)Naturally occurring; 2) inorganic, 3)solid, 4)crystalline; 5) definite chemical composition (formula)

Minerals are characterized by a series of physical properties:
  • crystal structure (monoclinic, triclinic, cubic, hexagonal, tetragonal, etc)

  • Break (cleavage v. fracture)

  • Luster(metallic vs. nonmetallic)

  • Hardness (Mohs scale 1-10)

Online Mineral & Rock Lab:

Bluebook Ch. 20, Sect. 2, 3, 4: IGNEOUS/SEDIMENTARY/METAMORPHIC ROCKS (rocks)

vocab: rock, texture, intrusive igneous rock, extrusive, intrusive, clast, porosity, cementation, detrital, foliated, weathering, deposition, erosion, rock cycle

Did you know??? No new rock material is ever created or added to Earth, it is only recycled unless an asteroid impacts us!!!